Canaanite Santa Claus, Handel’s Messiah, and the Real St. Nicholas

I’ve plugged Biblical Archaeology Review (BAR) before, a great magazine (with pictures!) aimed at laypeople interested in the history, text, interpretation, and archaeology of the Bible. (Notably, there are some LDS in there from time to time!) It’s scholarly but accessible, includes multiple perspectives, and the letters to the editor are illustrative and amusing. Worth subscribing to.

Screen Shot 2014-12-08 at 12.18.04 PMOne of my favorite articles was written by William H.C. Propp, a Jewish Hebrew Bible scholar at UCSD, and author of the Exodus volumes in the Anchor Bible series. I spent an hour in his office once, when I visited for my graduate application. He’s an accomplished bassoonist and has a great sense of humor, which comes out in this article, “Santa and His Asherah.” Tongue-in-cheek (explicit warning: read as satire), Propp writes that

The ancient Near Eastern roots of American Yuletide customs are manifold and fascinating. I will concentrate here on just two major points: that the Christmas tree was originally a symbol of the Canaanite goddess Asherah and that Santa Claus is an avatar of Asherah’s consort, the high god ‘El, who is equivalent to the Israelite Yahweh. I will conclude by showing that the customs of Christmas were brought to America by the Canaanites themselves.

Article pdf

The more you know about the Bible, ancient Near East, and Bible scholars, the funnier an article it is.

Propp also has a curmudgeonly scholar’s take on Handel’s Messiah, which takes some pro-Jesus liberties with the scriptural text.

Merry Christmas, and enjoy.

St. Nick

PS- Read about the real and impressive St. Nicholas here.


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